Helleborus niger (Christmas Rose) 1l

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Christmas Rose

Bring winter interest to any planting scheme with the elegant white flowers of Christmas Rose.

Helleborus niger, also known as Christmas Rose, is a beautiful winter-flowering perennial with elegant white nodding blooms which illuminate the garden during the darkest months. The pure white nodding flowers will be a feature of the garden throughout the short days of winter. Each flower has rounded petals and a fluffy yellow centre providing nectar and pollen for early flying bumblebees. This easy-to-grow plant is resilient and reliable, thriving without fuss in most conditions, whether planted in patio pots or borders. Predominantly a shade-loving plant, the Christmas Rose is ideal for brightening up a dull spot and sits perfectly within a woodland planting scheme among shrubs or early spring-flowering bulbs. Its semi-evergreen palm-shaped foliage is a feature in itself for most of the year, forming clumps of lush greenery in plain shady spaces. What's more, Helleborus niger is a long-lasting perennial, so you can enjoy its gorgeous flowers during winter for years to come.

This popular plant is ideal for bringing interest to the winter garden in beds, borders or containers.

Key Features

Plant Type: Herbaceous

Hardiness: H7 Very Hardy. Minimum temperature < -20

Plant Height & Spread (at maturity): H 50cm x W 40cm (Mature age: 2 years) 

Foliage Colour: Green

Flower Colour: White

Fragrant Flower: No

Aromatic Foliage: No

RHS Award of Garden Merit: No

RHS Perfect for Pollinators: Yes

Foliage Type: Semi-Evergreen

Hazardous / Poisonous Information: Harmful if eaten. Skin irritant.

Soil Type: Alkaline, Clay, Loam, Chalky

Soil Drainage: Moist but Well Drained

Light Exposure: Part Shade

Planting Style: Cottage Garden, Flower Beds & Borders, Containers, Informal Garden, Wildlife Garden, Woodland Garden, Low Maintenance Garden, Urban Garden.

Season of Interest: Winter

Flowering (from - to): January-April

Plant Care & Advice

Helleborus niger is happiest in partial shade.  This lovely plant will also grow well in a container that is sited away from hot summer sun. Add some general fertiliser to the soil when planting.

If planting in a container, use a loam based compost such as John Innes No3. Water well after planting and occasionally until established. Your Christmas Rose will benefit from a feed of general fertiliser each year once the last of the flowers have faded and the soil can be topped up with mulch of rotted garden compost or ornamental bark to keep the roots cool and moisture in.

Remove old, tatty leaves as the first buds appear to show the flowers at their best and remove the old seed heads by cutting them back to the base of the plant once they have faded. It's best suited to a sheltered location.